Checking PL-195, which announced the overlay code assignments years in advance, there's a 30-day notice period before assigning the first prefix in the overlay code upon exhaust of all existing codes. Hm. They haven't even assigned test numbers.
Checking PL-309 and 296, area code 219 uses 1 as a toll barrier. Local calls (both home and foreign NPA) do not use "1" but all toll calls require 1 plus 10 digits. Foreign NPA local calls are 10 digit. So with care, it is possible to avoid confusion without using 1 for all calls.
It doesn't say if local home NPA can be dialed as 10 digits or if local or foreign NPA can be dialed as 1+10 digits permissively.