I'm just starting to wire a new home and was wondering if there is a
document covering best practices. I'm going to install audio distribution,
home automation (insteon at this point), home theatre, security cameras,
multiple computer network spots etc.
I've considered making dual runs of Cat6 to most locations as that seems
most flexible but the baluns are certainly expensive. An alarm installer
suggested running 3 RG59 cables to the HT projector and 14 gauge speaker
wire to all speaker runs.
Any thoughts would be appreciated or pointers to handy documents.
Don't bother with rg59 cables. Use RG-6 which is capable of satelite
signal bandwidth also. Same connections.
Dual cat5e (I think will handle 1Gbit) is a good idea. Just install
plaster rings and staple a loop above it on the studs. Dummy plate the
plaster rings off after drywall installation. If you ever need them,
pull out the cable from the stud cavity and put a connector on both
ends for use. If you don't ever use them, it will only cost you the
wire and plaster ring (about $0.79). Leav lots of cable in the wall
cavity for a direct connection to your entertainment server or
computer. Forget the fancy wall connections. They cost big bucks and
make another weak spot in your connections
If you are building a two story or split level the upper floor is hard
to access after the fact. Intsall a couple pieces of plastic pipe from
attic to basement where you can put later cables through to the attic
and drop to the needed place via the interior walls. You will need a
to find a way to suspend the pipe so it doesn't fall through. Usually
an exact sized hole and have the flange (female end) hang in the hole.
Plug/tape the ends for insulation and bug purposes. If you ever need
another connection in the upper floor, attic diving will get your
there. Wear a dust filter mask!
Don't forget you back speakers and ceiling allows everybody to hear
with both ears. Mine bounce off the back wall for an enhanced delay
and lower sound image that is actually behind you.
Heavy speaker wire? Cheap extension cords with heavy gauge wire used
to be cheaper than buying the wire on a spool. Cut the ends off. Even
drill all the holes and put a pull string in for later use. Make it a
good one and pull another one with the new conductor, when you need
Check out the price and life of those projector bulbs. $600 each and
2000 hours max life turned me off. YMMV There is a product called
"goop" that can be painted on walls to avoid the $2K for a projector
screen. Rim it with black felt trim so light spillover is not seen.
Also... If the OP has any input at all as to where the attic access
point is, try to make it in an area of the roof that you can actually
stand up in (or where don't have to crouch and risk having the roofing
nails "hook you" or worse as you try to get inside). One customer built
a 8' x 8' square "landing pad" around the hatch. He achieved this by
nailing down 5/8" plywood on top of the joists (after filling the space
underneath with insulation batting). He also provided a couple of
convenient plug ins for work lights (which were controlled by a light
switch in the access closet). Nicest attic I ever worked in.
Nice. I am beginning to think about those items in my house, in
progress. I have a stand up spot the full length of the house and
around the corner. I need to float some planks above the insulation
levels for full access. OTOH. mine is a one story and the walls are
usually always accessible with difficulty.
"Frank Olson" wrote in
Yep, use RG6. Is size is a problem check out mini-coax
Wall connections should terminate in a box. Leaving lots of wire loose
in stud cavities is invitation to damage by the insulation and drywall
Proper plates and connectors are cheap if you shop eBay. Look for brand
names. My favorite is Panduit. Their minicom line is the fastest to
terminate but is not "keystone" compatible.
Be sure to cap the pipe or you will likely have problems with the fire
Extension cord wire is not rated for in wall use, even if used for
speakers. Use the proper rated wire. In residential use CL2 and CL3 are
the most common.
Here is some info:
I home ran to 2 separate boxes/plates in each room.... Box one was
low on a wall where I would be likely to need TV hookup and also near
an outlet. Box two was near the entrance light switch area at switch
height. The switch box got 2 runs of cat 5e to it. The low boxes got
2 runs of RG6 (quad shield), and 2 more runs of cat 5e (voice/data),
these days I would probably do one run of cat5e and 2 runs of cat6 to
this box, (if your phone company indicates they can bring fiber to
your door then do fiber too, otherwise dont bother with fiber). I
also home ran a speaker feed to this low box, then from there branched
out to the wall speakers. This allows the wall speakers to be
assigned to a local stereo or switched to get fed from the central
speaker amp at the low box. As for using boxes vs mud plates, if its
an interior wall forget the box, just use a mud plate, if it's
exterior then use a deep box with a mud plate. I also ran a security
pair to every window and door. And I ran a combo power/rg59 cable to
higher wall locations where I wanted CCTV cameras (dont use rg59 for
anything else though use rg6qs). For motion sensors just run some
cat5 to stretegic high wall locations. For voice I daisy chained
within each room, but as mentioned I home ran to the low boxes first.
If I had to do it all over again I would have run some more 1.5 inch
plastic corrugated conduit to the areas where you know you will have a
lot of stereo equipment, because that field changes fast and you might
want to pull new cable there later. For all vertical drops in a 2
story home, find a wall that has the straightest drop all the way from
basement to attic. This is usually the wall with the staircase. You
dont want to have to deal with a bend in that pipe. For switch boxes
make sure your electrician uses real switch boxes and not just deep
outlet boxes. The mud rings for outlet boxes have rounded inside
corners that WILL NOT accomodate Insteon devices without grinding them
out, a major headache. I'm talking steel conduit and jboxes because
it's Chicago, your area probably allows Romex which I believe use
square cornered plastic boxes. Select a home run closet in the
basement or central location. Use standard 19 inch keystone blank
panels on a rack instead of those engineered systems like Leviton
has. All those engineered systems are way too tight to get your wire
into easily. You can get any jack imaginable as a keystone snap in
and just drop all your wire behind the rack. Do your labeling as you
go to save much time later tracing wires. You probably will not have
to terminate everything until you move in, depending on your inspector
and local municipal requirements. Any holes in wall plates have to be
fire caulked after the wire is pulled through the hole.
Pay the extra for any wiring you purchase and get the fancy coloured
stuff. Years later when you are extending or sorting anything it is much
simpler if you can imediatly identify alarm, data mains cables. It also
makes documenting the system clearer and simpler!
That's one solution. Another which I have used for many years is
less expensive and IMO equally reliable. Buy a few Sharpie brand
fine point laundry markers. Before pulling each wire, write directly
on the jacket aboiut 2' from the end, "Master-Bedroom Left Window,"
or whatever. After pulling the cable to the control panel, write on
the jacket about 2' from the business end, "Alarm Zone 2," or
We ran home runs for all sensors and devices and routinely bugged
every opening in large homes and businesses so it was fairly common
to have scores of cables to terminate at the end. This simple system
served us very well. The only issue with it is you need to wait a
few seconds for the ink to dry before pulling it through a tight
opening. However, for CAT5 and up you shouldn't pull through tight
Side Note: Here's a handy way to keep cables neat and professional
looking in a basement or attic. Nail a 5/8" or larger drive ring
(looks like a heavy, galvanised nail with a hook on the side) into a
joist or rafter about 2' from the wall or ridge beam at one end of
the house. Do the same thing at the ther end. Using a chalk line
(~$5 at HD), snap a line between the two nails. Every 3' or so nail
another ring into a joist/rafter with the rings all pointing in the
same direction. Bring all related cables into the run of drive
rings, leaving a foot or so of slack where they join the run. Wrap
long cable ties 3-4 times around the bundle and the ding at one end
and pull the tie until it's snug but not compressing the cables. At
the other end do the same thing while gently pulling the cables just
taught enough to keep them straight. With 3 or more wraps the cable
ties will keep everything neat without undue tightness. Where cables
enter the run leave enougfh slack so they make a gentle turn.
We used to do it that way and I'd occasionally get compliments from
inspectors. One fellow grumbled, "It's too neat." :^)
and below is the best I could do to show bunches of cables entering a larger
run of cable "between the rings." Obviously, the rings shown are different
than nail-in drive rings and the spacing shorter than the normal
joist-to-joist drive ring mountings, but the principle is the same.
(bottom-most photo, bottom
Thanks, Robert. Those are the same drive rings except they are 1/2"
whereas I use 5/8 or larger and their prices are a tad high.
Also, you don't really need them on every joist. That's overkill
IMO. Just place one ring every 3-4 feet and it will be fine.
I should have mentioned that the job will be neater if you bang the
nails into the corner of the joists at a 45º angle rather than
straight up into the bottom edge. That will place the ring nicely to
carry the main run while joining cables to the run with the least
so manifestly to them that they could not have doubted of the truth of His
essence; as it will appear at the last day, with such thunders and such a
convulsion of nature that the dead will rise again, and the blindest will
"It is not in this manner that He has willed to appear in His advent of
mercy, because, as so many make themselves unworthy of His mercy, He has
willed to leave them in the loss of the good which they do not want. It was
not, then, right that He should appear in a manner manifestly divine, and
completely capable of convincing all men; but it was also not right that He
should come in so hidden a manner that He could not be known by those who
should sincerely seek Him. He has willed to make himself quite recognisable
by those; and thus, willing to appear openly to those who seek Him with all
their heart, and to be hidden from those who flee from Him with all their
heart, He so regulates the knowledge of Himself that He has given signs of
Himself, visible to those who seek Him, and not to those who seek Him not.
There is enough light for those who only desire to see, and enough obscurity
for those who have a contrary disposition."
431. No other religion has recognised that man is the most excellent
creature. Some, which have quite recognised the reality of his excellence,
have considered as mean and ungrateful the low opinions which men naturally
have of themselves; and others, which have thoroughly recognised how real is
this vileness, have treated with proud ridicule those feelings of greatness,
which are equally natural to man.
"Lift your eyes to God," say the first; "see Him whom you resemble and who
has created you to worship Him. You can make yourselves like unto Him;
wisdom will make you equal to Him, if you will fo
spiritual experiences are vain. This all
my congregation can witness. And the people in general have manifested
an extraordinary dread of being deceived; being exceeding fearful lest
they should build wrong. Some of them have been backward to receive
hope, even to a great extreme, which has occasioned me to dwell longer
on this part of the narrative.
Conversion is a great and glorious work of God's power, at once changing
the heart, and infusing life into the dead soul; though the grace then
implanted more gradually displays itself in some than in others. But as
to fixing on the precise time when they put forth the very first act of
grace, there is a great deal of difference in different persons; in some
it seems to be very discernible when the very time was; but others are
more at a loss. In this respect, there are very many who do not know,
even when they have it, that it is the grace of conversion, and
sometimes do not think it to be so till a long time after. Many, even
when they come to entertain great hopes that they are converted, if they
remember what they experienced in the first exercises of grace, they are
at a loss whether it was any more than a common illumination; or whether
some other more clear and remarkable experience which they had
afterwards, was not the first of a saving nature. The manner of God's
work on the soul, sometimes especially, is very mysterious; and it is
with the kingdom of God as to its manifestation in the heart of a
convert, as is said, Mark iv. 26, 27,28, "So is the kingdom of God, as
if a man should cast seed into the ground, and should sleep, and rise
night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not
how; for the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself, first the blade,
then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear."
In some, converting light is like a glorious brightness suddenly shining
upon a person, and a
in the town who
has returned to former ways of looseness and extravagance in any
respect; but we still remain a reformed people, and God has evidently
made us a new people.
I cannot say that there has been no instance of any one person who has
conducted himself unworthily; nor am I so vain as to imagine that we
have not been mistaken in our good opinion concerning any; or that there
are none who pass amongst us for sheep, that are indeed wolves in
sheep's clothing; and who probably may, some time or other, discover
themselves by their fruits. We are not so pure, but that we have great
cause to be humbled and ashamed that we are so impure; nor so religious,
but that those who watch for our halting, may see things in us, whence
they may take occasion to reproach us and religion. But in the main,
there has been a great and marvellous work of conversion and
sanctification among the people here; and they have paid all due respect
to those who have been blest of God to be the instruments of it. Both
old and young have shown a forwardness to hearken not only to my
counsels, but even to my reproofs, from the pulpit.
A great part of the country have not received the most favorable
thoughts of this affair; and to this day many retain a jealousy
concerning it, and prejudice against it. I have reason to think that the
meanness and weakness of the instrument, that has been m
their ceremonies; and if they had loved these spiritual
promises, and had preserved them incorrupt till the time of the Messiah,
their testimony would have had no force, because they had been his friends.
Therefore it was well that the spiritual meaning should be concealed; but,
on the other hand, if this meaning had been so hidden as not to appear at
all, it could not have served as a proof of the Messiah. What then was done?
In a crowd of passages it has been hidden under the temporal meaning, and in
a few been clearly revealed; besides that, the time and the state of the
world have been so clearly foretold that it is clearer than the sun. And in
some places this spiritual meaning is so clearly expressed that it would
require a blindness, like that which the flesh imposes on the spirit when it
is subdued by it, not to recognise it.
See, then, what has been the prudence of God. This meaning is concealed
under another in an infinite number of passages, and in some, though rarely,
it is revealed; but yet so that the passages in which it is concealed are
equivocal and can suit both meanings; whereas the passages where it is
disclosed are unequivocal and can only suit the spiritual meaning.
So that this cannot lead us into error and could only be misunderstood by so
carnal a people.
For when blessings are promised in abundance, what was to prevent them from
understanding the true blessings, but their covetousness, which limited the
meaning to worldly goods? But those whose only good was in God referred them
to God alone. For there are two principles, which divide the wills of men,
covetousness and charity. Not that covetousness cannot exist along with
faith in God, nor charity with worldly riches; but covetousness uses God and
enjoys the world, and charity is the opposite.
which renders things obscure. For truth is perverted only by the change of
men. And yet he puts two things, the most memorable that were ever imagined,
namely, the creation and the deluge, so near that we reach from one to the
625. Shem, who saw Lamech, who saw Adam, saw also Jacob, who saw those who
saw Moses; therefore the deluge and the creation are true. This is
conclusive among certain people who understand it rightly.
626. The longevity of the patriarchs, instead of causing the loss of past
history, conduced, on the contrary, to its preservation. For the reason why
we are sometimes insufficiently instructed in the history of our ancestors
is that we have never lived long with them, and that they are often dead
before we have attained the age of reason. Now, when men lived so long,
children lived long with their parents. They conversed long with them. But
what else could be the subject of their talk save the history of their
ancestors, since to that all history was reduced, and men did not study
science or art, which now form a large part of daily conversation? We see
also that in these days tribes took particular care to pr
you are in: it is a great furnace
of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of wrath, that you
are held over in the hand of that God, whose wrath is provoked and
incensed as much against you, as against many of the damned in hell. You
hang by a slender thread, with the flames of divine wrath flashing about
it, and ready every moment to singe it, and burn it asunder; and you
have no interest in any Mediator, and nothing to lay hold of to save
yourself, nothing to keep off the flames of wrath, nothing of your own,
nothing that you ever have done, nothing that you can do, to induce God
to spare you one moment. -- And consider here more particularly,
Whose wrath it is: it is the wrath of the infinite God. If it were only
the wrath of man, though it were of the most potent prince, it would be
comparatively little to be regarded. The wrath of kings is very much
dreaded, especially of absolute monarchs, who have the possessions and
lives of their subjects wholly in their power, to be disposed of at
their mere will. Prov. 20:2. "The fear of a king is as the roaring of a
lion: Whoso provoketh him to anger, sinneth against his own soul." The
subject that very much enrages an arbitrary prince, is liable to suffer
the most extreme torments that human art can invent, or human power can
inflict. But the greatest earthly potentates in their greatest majesty
and strength, and when clothed in their greatest terrors, are but
feeble, despicable worms of the dust, in comparison of the great and
either what He is or if He is. This being so, who will dare to undertake the
decision of the question? Not we, who have no affinity to Him.
Who then will blame Christians for not being able to give a reason for their
belief, since they profess a religion for which they cannot give a reason?
They declare, in expounding it to the world, that it is a foolishness,
stultitiam;28 and then you complain that they do not prove it! If they
proved it, they would not keep their word; it is in lacking proofs that they
are not lacking in sense. "Yes, but although this excuses those who offer it
as such and takes away from them the blame of putting it forward without
reason, it does not excuse those who receive it." Let us then examine this
point, and say, "God is, or He is not." But to which side shall we incline?
Reason can decide nothing here. There is an infinite chaos which separated
us. A game is being played at the extremity of this infinite distance where
heads or tails will turn up. What will you wager? According to reason, you
can do neither the one thing nor the other; according to reason, you can
defend neither of the propo